Archie, E.A., Hollister-Smith, J.A., Poole, J.H., Lee, P.C., Moss, C.J., Maldonado, J.E., Fleischer, R.C., Alberts, S.C. 2007. Behavioural inbreeding avoidance in wild African elephants. Molecular Ecology, 16: 4128-4148.

Hollister-Smith, J.A., Poole, J.H., Archie, E.A., Vance, E.A, Georgiadis, N.J., Moss, C.J. & Alberts, S.C. 2007. Age, musth and paternity success in wild male African elephants, Loxodonta africana. Animal Behaviour 74: 287-296.

Laws, R.M. 1966. Age criteria for the African elephant, Loxodonta a. africana. East Afr. Wildl. J. 4: 1-37.

Laws, R.M. 1969. The Tsavo Research Project. J. Repro. Fert. Supp. 6: 495-531.

Lee, P.C. and C.J. Moss. 1986. Early maternal investment in male and female elephant calves. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 18:353-361.

Lee, P.C. 1987. Allomothering among African elephants. Anim Behav. 35:278-91.

Lee, P.C. 1989. Family structure, communal care and female reproductive effort. Comparative Socioecology. 8: 323-340.

Lee, P.C. & C.J. Moss. 1995. Statural growth in known-age African elephants (Loxodonta africana). J. Zool. Lond. 236: 29-41.

Lee, P.C. & C.J. Moss. 1999. The social context for learning and behavioural development among wild African elephants. In: Box, H.O. & Gibson, K.R. (eds) Mammalian Social Learning. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 102-125.

McComb, K., C. Moss, S. Durant, S. Sayialel, L. Baker. 2001. Matriarchs as repositories of social knowledge. Science 292: 491-494.

Moss, C. 1983. Oestrous behaviour and female choice in the African elephant. Behaviour 86:167-96.

Moss, C. 1992. Echo of the Elephants. BBC Books, London.

Moss, C. 2001. The demography of and African elephant (Loxodonta africana) population in Amboseli, Kenya. J. Zool. Lond. 255: 145-156.

Payne, K. 2003. Sources of Social Complexity in the Three Elephant Species. In: Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, culture and individualized society. Eds: Frans B.M. de Waal & Peter L. Tyack. Harvard University Press.

Poole, J.H. 1982. Musth and male-male competition in the African elephant. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Cambridge.

Poole, J.H., K.B. Payne, W.R. Langbauer Jr., C.J. Moss. 1988. The social contexts of some very low frequency calls of African elephants. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 22:385-392.

Poole, J.H. 1989a. Announcing intent: the aggressive state of musth in African elephants. Anim. Behav. 37: 140-152.

Poole, J.H. 1989b. Mate guarding, reproductive success and female choice in African elephants. Anim. Behav. 37: 842-849.

Poole, J.H., Lee, P.C. Njiraini, N. & Moss, C.J. In press. Long-term reproductive patterns and musth. In: The Amboseli Elephants: A Long-Term Perspective on a Long-Lived Mammal. Moss, C.J., Croze, H.J & Lee, P.C. (Eds.) University of Chicago Press.

Lee, P.C., J.H. Poole, C.J. Moss and N. Njiraini. In press. Male Social Dynamics: Independence and Beyond. In: The Amboseli Elephants: A long-term perspective on a long-lived mammal. Eds. C.J Moss, H. Croze & P.C. Lee. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Slotow, R., van Dyke, G., Poole, J., Page, B., and Klocke, A. 2000. Older bull elephants control young males: Orphaned male adolescents go on killing sprees if mature males aren't around. Nature: 408: 425-426.

Weilgart, L., H. Whitehead & K. Payne. 1996. A colossal convergence. American Scientist. 84: 278-287.


You may want to search for these or other papers through the
African Elephant Bibliography.