Walking single file in a long line of elephants, from point A to B. Among family groups the matriarch often takes up the rear position with a closely allied adult female relative taking the lead.

Processions are typically observed when elephants are walking along a well-worn trail or across open habitat, in situations where they feel relatively secure. A Group-March is more likely to be adopted when they are moving across open habitat in which they feel insecure.

References: Mutinda et al 2011. (Full reference list)

This behavioral constellation includes the following behaviors: Walking and occurs in the following context(s): Movement, Space & Leadership