A musth (usually) male attempting to prevent other males from obtaining access to an estrous female. To be considered a Guarder a male must be responsible for maintaining proximity to an estrous female and not avoiding any other male present. Successful Guarding involves staying within 5-15 meters of the estrous female and threatening rivals who try to approach her.
References: Poole 1982: 110; Poole 1989b; Poole & Granli 2003; Poole & Granli 2011. (Full reference list)
This behavioral constellation includes the following behaviors: Advance-Toward, Chin-In, Ears-Stiff, Head-High, Musth-Rumble, Run-After, Urine-Dribbling, Waiting, Walk-Wait and occurs in the following context(s): Courtship