During a Greeting-Ceremony members of a family or bond group may rush to meet one another while emitting loud, modulated, throaty Greeting-Rumbles, and, sometimes, Social-Trumpets and Roars. The elephants raise their heads, lift and spread their ears, secreting Temporin profusely. As they meet they flap their lifted ears rapidly, while still Rumbling, Trumpeting and Roaring. Rubbing together they may stand in parallel, or face-to-face, and while holding heads high, Open-Mouth-to-Open-Mouth they may click their tusks together and entwine trunks. As the greeting continues they may back into one another, Pirouetting, Urinating and Defecating.
References: Douglas-Hamilton 1972: 102; Moss 1981, 1988; Poole 1987b; Poole 1996:93; Poole et al. 1988; Poole 1998a; Poole 1999b; Poole 2000a; Payne 2003. (Full reference list)
This behavioral constellation includes the following behaviors: Back-Toward, Defecating, Ear-Folding, Ear-Slap, Eyes-Wide, Greeting-Rumble, Head-Raising, Head-Shaking, Open-Mouth, Open-Mouth-to-Open-Mouth, Pirouette, Rapid-Ear-Flapping, Reach-Touch, Roar, Rumble-Roar-Rumble, Sashay, Snort, Social-Rubbing, Tail-Raising, Temporin, Trunk-to-Mouth, Trunk-Twining, Tusk-Clank, Urinating and occurs in the following context(s): Affiliative