A musth male showing continual dribbling of urine from a retracted and sheathed penis. The flow may vary from an intermittent drip to a gushing stream, depending upon the activity of the male. Standing still Urine-Dribbling may almost cease, while when walking or interacting dribbling may increase to a stream, or may gush out when the male is threatening another.
Musth males may lose up to 300 litres of urine per day through Urine-Dribbling and, consequently, they drink more water than non-musth males. The continual dribbling of urine gives the inner hind legs black shiny appearance and may turn the sheath of the penis a light greenish coloration. The urine has a very pungent odor that can be detected downwind from the musth male and from the urine trail he deposits.
References: Douglas-Hamilton 1972: ch 6; Poole 1982: 49, illustrations 4.3, 4.4; Poole & Moss 1981; Poole 1987a: 298 photo; Hall-Martin 1987; Moss 1988; Poole 1989a; Kahl & Armstrong, 2002: 163 photo Poole & Granli 2003; Poole & Granli 2011. (Full reference list)
This behavior occurs in the following context(s): Advertisement & Attraction