An elephant getting down on its knees is an invitation to play. Typically an older female juvenile or calf will lie or kneel down, encouraging younger individuals to climb on top of her. A larger male will lower himself down on his knees to encourage a smaller male who has shown reluctance to Spar. Kneel-Down can refer to either or both fore- and hind legs.
References: Moss 1988; Lee 1986; Poole 1996; Poole 1998b; Poole & Granli 2003; Poole & Granli 2004; Poole & Granli 2011. (Full reference list)
This behavior occurs in the following context(s): Social Play