Standing, Walking or Charging with the distal portion or entire trunk slightly, moderately or extremely curved inward, or tightly curled toward the body. In Ambivalent or Vigilant contexts the individual may stand with Chin-Up and Ears-Stiff and may engage in Head-Swinging (49). During Attacking or Mobbing or Social Play contexts the trunk may be coiled tightly as the elephant Charges (Trunk-Coiled).

References: Kühme 1961; Poole 1999a; Poole & Granli 2003; Poole & Granli 2004; Poole & Granli 2011 [Trunk-Curved-Under]. (Full reference list)

This behavior occurs in the following context(s): Ambivalent, Attacking & Mobbing, Social Play, Vigilance


Context: Social Play (1)

As an adolescent male Floppy-Runs at the car he lowers his head adopting a floppy-bodied Bow-Neck-Charge (with head lowered and outstretched) position and shakes his head from side to side Head-Waggling. As he charges he Play-Trumpets. One of the filmmakers is concerned that this is a real charge so there is a lot of talking. (Maasai Mara, Kenya)