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Back-Toward

Turning to present posterior and backing in toward another, usually higher-ranking elephant. This display is typically seen in the context of a greeting ceremony or when joining a resting group. It may be used to avoid triggering an aggressive response by a larger elephant, as an appeasement gesture or, within families, as a sign of respect. (41a) Strangely this behavior is also seen when elephants are approaching dead elephants, perhaps also as a sign of respect. (41b)