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Sparring

Elephants, especially young males, test one another's strength by placing their trunks on one another's heads and pushing their opponent down and back. Sparring can range from gentle and sensuous Pushing, Trunk-Twining, Test-Temporal-Glands, and Test-Mouth in a playful or greeting context, to more boisterous shoving to very rough and aggressive Pushing, Tusking and even Ramming. (144) Sparring typically occurs between males, less frequently between a male and female and rarely between two females.

Gesture Description

Elephants, especially young males, test one another's strength by placing their trunks on one another's heads and pushing their opponent down and back. Sparring can range from gentle and sensuous Pushing, Trunk-Twining, Test-Temporal-Glands, and Test-Mouth in a playful or greeting context, to more boisterous shoving to very rough and aggressive Pushing, Tusking and even Ramming. (144) Sparring typically occurs between males, less frequently between a male and female and rarely between two females.

Footage: Off the Fence and Bob Poole Films.

Video 1: Elephants, especially young males, test one another's strength by placing their trunks on one another's heads and pushing their opponent down and back. Sparring can range from gentle and sensuous Pushing, Trunk-Twining, Test-Temporal-Glands, and Test-Mouth in a playful or greeting context, to more boisterous shoving to very rough and aggressive Pushing, Tusking and even Ramming. (144) Sparring typically occurs between males, less frequently between a male and female and rarely between two females.

Video 2: Elephants, especially young males, test one another's strength by placing their trunks on one another's heads and pushing their opponent down and back. Sparring can range from gentle and sensuous Pushing, Trunk-Twining, Test-Temporal-Glands, and Test-Mouth in a playful or greeting context, to more boisterous shoving to very rough and aggressive Pushing, Tusking and even Ramming. (144) Sparring typically occurs between males, less frequently between a male and female and rarely between two females.

Video 3: Elephants, especially young males, test one another's strength by placing their trunks on one another's heads and pushing their opponent down and back. Sparring can range from gentle and sensuous Pushing, Trunk-Twining, Test-Temporal-Glands, and Test-Mouth in a playful or greeting context, to more boisterous shoving to very rough and aggressive Pushing, Tusking and even Ramming. (144) Sparring typically occurs between males, less frequently between a male and female and rarely between two females.

Video 4: Elephants, especially young males, test one another's strength by placing their trunks on one another's heads and pushing their opponent down and back. Sparring can range from gentle and sensuous Pushing, Trunk-Twining, Test-Temporal-Glands, and Test-Mouth in a playful or greeting context, to more boisterous shoving to very rough and aggressive Pushing, Tusking and even Ramming. (144) Sparring typically occurs between males, less frequently between a male and female and rarely between two females.