Swinging of the body and trunk from side to side to during intense social excitement to reach and touch nearest relatives while Head-Raising, Ear-Lifting and Rapid-Ear-Flapping. Elephants touch one another with their trunks, rumble loudly, and secrete temporin profusely. Sometimes they may engage in Trunk-Grasping. It appears that the vocalizing to and reaching out to others reinforces bonds between team members. (152b) This cementing of bonds is then possibly recalled during other instances where Reach-Touch is observed (such as anti-predator behavior) where it evokes team spirit in uneasy elephants and facilitates the planning of a course of action. (152a)