Escalation

Slapping

Hitting another with the trunk, especially by older individuals towards calves. Uncommonly seen in Loxodonta; apparently more common in Elephas.....
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Tusking

Images: 2

Poking an opponent with the tip of the tusks. This is a "less polite" form of Pushing another out of the way.....
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Prolonged-Pursuit

Images: 1

A persistent, prolonged and aggressive follow at a fast walk by one individual (usually in musth) toward another (usually in musth). A pursuit often follows an escalated contest; when one....
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Coalition

Images: 2

Two or more individuals working together to threaten another individual or individuals. Most typically an older female, often the matriarch, comes to the aid of a younger family member. ....
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