Bates, L.A., Sayialel, C.N, Njiraini, N.W, Poole, J.H., Moss, C.J. & Byrne, R.W. 2007. African elephants have expectations about locations of out-of-sight family members. Biology Letters: doi: 1098/rsbl.2007.0529, 1-3.

Bates, L.A., Sayialel, C.N, Njiraini, N.W, Poole, J.H., Moss, C.J. & Byrne, R.W. 2007. Elephants classify human ethnic groups by odour and garment colour. Current Biology. Doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.09.060.

Bates, L.A., Lee, P.C., Njiraini, N., Poole, J.H., Sayialel, K., Sayialel, S., Moss, C.J. Byrne, R.W. 2008. Do elephants show Empathy? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 15, No. 10-11, pp. 204-25.

Bates, L.A., Poole, J.H. Byrne, R.W. 2008. Why study elephant cognition? Current Biology, Vol 18, No 13, 544-546.

Cozzi, B, S. Spagnoli, L. Bruno. 2001. An overview of the central nervous system of the elephant through a critical appraisal of the literature published in the XIX and XX centuries. Brain Research Bulletin. 54 (2) 219-227.

Douglas-Hamilton, I., Bhalla, S., Wittemyer, G., Vollrath, F. 2006. Behavioral reactions of elephants towards a dying and deceased matriarch. Applied Animal Behavior Science.

Hart, B., L.A. Hart, M. McCoy & C.R. Sarath. 2001. Cognitive behaviour in Asian elephants: use and modification of branches for fly switching. Anim Behav 62:839-847.

Hart, B.L., Hart, L.A. & Pinter-Williams, N. 2008 Large brains and cognition: Where do elephants fit in? Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 32:86-98.

Gallup, Gordon Jr., James R. Anderson and Daniel J. Shillito. 2002. "The Mirror Test." In, The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition pp. 325-33. Eds: Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen, and Gordon M. Burghardt. Cambridge: Bradford Books.

Lee, P.C. & C.J. Moss. 1999. The social context for learning and behavioural development among wild African elephants. In: Box, H.O. & Gibson, K.R. (eds) Mammalian Social Learning. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 102-125.

McComb, K., C. Moss, S. Sayialel, L. Baker. 2000. Unusually extensive networks of vocal recognition in African elephants. Anim. Behav. 59:1103-9.

McComb, K., C. Moss, S. Durant, S. Sayialel, L. Baker. 2001. Matriarchs as repositories of social knowledge. Science 292: 491-494.

McComb, K., Reby, D. Baker, L. Moss, C. and Sayialel, S. 2003. Long-distance communication of cues to social identity in African elephants. Animal Behaviour 65: 317-329

McComb, K. Bates, L., and Moss, C. 2006. African elephants show high levels of interest in the skulls and ivory of their own species. Biology Letters 2: 26-28.

Meredith, M. 2001. Africa's Elephants: A Biography. Hodder and Staughton, London.

Moss, C. 1988. Elephant Memories: Thirteen Years in the Life of an Elephant Family. William Morrow, New York.

Payne, K. 2003. Sources of Social Complexity in the Three Elephant Species. In: Animal Social Complexity: Intelligence, Culture, and Individualized Societies. Eds: Frans B.M. de Waal and Peter L. Tyack. Harvard University Press.

Plotnik, J.M., de Waal, F.B. M. & Reiss, D. 2006. Self-recognition in an Asian elephant. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103: 17053-17057.

Poole, J.H. 1996. Coming of Age with Elephants. Hyperion Press, New York.

Poole, J.H. 1998. An exploration of a commonality between ourselves and elephants. Special Issue: Etica & Animali. 9:85-110.

Poole, J.H. 2000a. Family reunions. In: The Smile of the Dolphin: Remarkable Accounts of Animal Emotions, Marc Bekoff (Ed.). Discovery Books, New York: pp. 22-23.

Poole, J. H. 2000b. When Bonds are broken. In: The Smile of the Dolphin: Remarkable Accounts of Animal Emotions. Marc Bekoff (Ed.). Discovery Books, New York: pp. 142-143

Poole, J.H., P. L. Tyack, A. S. Stoeger-Horwath & S. Watwood. 2005. Elephants are capable of vocal learning. Nature, 434: 455-456.

Poole, J.H and Moss, C. J. 2008. Elephant sociality and complexity: The scientific evidence. In: Elephants and Ethics: Toward a morality of Co-existence. C. Wemmer & K. Christen (Eds.). Johns Hopkins University Press.

Rasmussen, L.E.L. 1995. Evidence for long-term chemical memory in elephants. Chemical Senses. 20: 237-237.

Rench, B. 1957. The Intelligence of elephants. Scientific American 196(2)-44-49.

Shoshani, J. and J. Eisenberg.1992. Intelligence and Survival. In: Elephants: Majestic Creatures of the Wild. Edited by H. Shoshani.

Shoshani, J. 1998. Understanding proboscidean evolution: a formidable task. TREE vol 13: 480-487.

Shoshani, J., Kupsky, W.J. & Marchant, G.H. 2006a. Elephant brain. Part I: gross morphology, functions, comparative anatomy, and evolution. Brain Research Bulletin 70: 124-157.

Simonet, P. M., Myers, L., Lamoureux, J., Quashnick, J., Jacobs, K., Willison. 2000. Social and Cognitive Factors in Asian Elephant Mirror Behaviour and Self-Recognition. Paper presented at the Animal Social Complexity & Intelligence. Chicago Academy of Sciences, August 23-26, 2000.


You may want to search for these or other papers through the
African Elephant Bibliography.