An infant, calf, juvenile, adolescent or adult elephant vocalising with distress calls such as a Cry-Rumble, Grumble-Rumble, Husky-Cry, Noisy-Roar-Rumble, Roar-Rumble, Separated-Rumble, Roar apparently to attract attention and support from a mother, allomother or other care-givers, helpers or allies.

References: Poole & Granli 2021. (Full reference list)

This behavioral constellation includes the following behaviors: Cry, Cry-Rumble, Grumble-Rumble, Roar-Rumble and occurs in the following context(s): Affiliative, Calf Reassurance & Protection