An estrous female stepping forward from the male she has just mated, Head-Raising, Ear-Lifting, Rapid-Ear-Flapping and Tail-Raising, while streaming with Temporin and calling with a characteristic series of Open-Mouthed Estrous-Rumbles, or an Estrous-Song. The mated female turns, alternatively, toward the male, reaching her trunk to touch his penis (Trunk-to-Genitals) or to sniff his semen (Sniff-Semen) on the ground. The female then turns rapidly outward and upward in a kind of Pirouette (away from the male, perhaps to ensure long-distance advertisement of availability,) and again, head high, ears lifted and flapping vigorously, continuing her calling. Her calls are repeated at lengthening intervals and diminishing sound pressure levels.
These extremely powerful and characteristic calls attract the attention of distant males and may be repeated for up to 45 minutes.
References: Poole 1987b; Poole et al. 1988; Poole 1989c; Poole & Moss, 1989; Payne 1998: 83-84; Poole & Granli 2003; Poole 2011, Poole & Granli 2011. (Full reference list)
This behavioral constellation includes the following behaviors: Estrous-Song, Head-Raising, Open-Mouth, Orient-Away, Orient-Toward, Pirouette, Rapid-Ear-Flapping, Roar, Sniff-Semen, Tail-Swatting, Temporin, Trunk-to-Genitals and occurs in the following context(s): Courtship