An elephant Standing or moving attentively with the Chin-Up, Ears-Stiff and Trunk-Curled-Under or in a J-Trunk position. if Walking away, the elephant may also Look-Back. If Standing may also be Head-Swinging The elephant may exhibit Tail-Raising.
References: Moss 1988; Poole 1996, Poole & Granli 2003; Poole & Granli 2011 [Fearful, Feigned-Fear, Exaggerated-Fear]. (Full reference list)
This behavioral constellation includes the following behaviors: Chin-Up, Ears-Stiff, Head-Swinging, J-Trunk, Tail-Raising, Trunk-Curled-Under and occurs in the following context(s): Vigilance