- The Elephant Ethogram
A Mating is assumed to have occurred if a male successfully Mounts an estrous female who Stands-to-Mate rather than moving forward. Intromission and ejaculation occur. A successul Mating is assumed to have occurred if the male achieves intromission for at least 25 seconds. Mating is usually associated with Estrous-Rumbles by the mated female.
References: Moss 1983, Poole 1989b. (Full reference list)
This behavior occurs in the following context(s): Courtship