Moving at a fast amble, or ‘run’ away from another elephant. Elephants may Run-Away from one another in Submissive, Social Play and Courtship contexts. In a Submissive context all age/sex groups except infants may be observed to Run-Away; in a Social Play context all age/sex groups may Run-Away though typically they are younger animals, and more often males; only estrous females Run-Away in a Courtship context.

References: Poole 1982; Lee 1986; Poole 1987a; Poole 1989a; Poole & Granli 2003. (Full reference list)

This behavior occurs in the following context(s): Courtship, Social Play, Submissive


Context: Submissive (1)

The cause of the behavior you'll see in this clip is not captured. An adult female begin to Run-After another adult female who Runs-Away a distance of approximately 15 strides and then stops and continues to feed on a branch she is carrying. The aggressor slows her pace, Forward-Trunk-Swing and then Kick-Dust. (Maasai Mara, Kenya)


Context: Submissive (2)

A young male walks over and tries to Tusk another young male who quickly Orients-Away. A female Turns-Toward and Tusks another female who Runs-Away and then Looks-Back. (Maasai Mara, Kenya)


Context: Submissive (3)

Emo in musth (on the left) and Teejay not in musth (right) Advance-Toward one another. When they are about 25 meters apart Teejay stops Heah-High but with a slight Chin-Out posture. Teejay one more step toward Emo and stops again, Foot-Lifting as Emo closes the gap to about 10 meters. Then Teejay turns and Runs-Away and Emo Runs-After him.

As they begin to run we see clouds of dust rising from their backs. We hear the sound of them running and their ears flapping and we can hear Teejay give a V8-Rumble. On the spectrogram we find a big increase in sound between 4 and 20 Hz. Elephants at some distance away would be able to pick up this acoustic signal between 8-20 Hz as well as its matching seismic signal. (Amboseli, Kenya)


Context: Submissive (4)

There is tension around an estrous female and one male Runs-After another who Roars and Runs-Away. (Amboseli, Kenya)