- The Elephant Ethogram
Walking away from a threatening elephant. The individual may adopt a Head-Low posture and Look-Back warily. The behavior may be observed in a number of different contexts.
References: Kühme 1961; Poole 1987a; Poole 1999a; Kahl & Armstrong 2000; Poole & Granli 2003; Poole & Granli 2011 [Retreat]. (Full reference list)
This behavior occurs in the following context(s): Avoidance, Submissive