In a form of Retreat-From, an elephant may walk away in reverse, or Back-Away, from a threatening elephant or situation. In a sexual context an estrous female may Back-Away to avoid male advances. The individual may adopt a submissive posture such as Head-Low and/or act with Wariness.
References: Kühme 1961; Poole & Granli 2011; O’Connell-Rodwell et al 2011 [Back up]. (Full reference list)
This behavior occurs in the following context(s): Avoidance, Submissive