A sharp and sudden swinging or tossing of the head and tusks down, up and sideways, to threaten or hit an elephant by its side who is either too close or doing something that displeases the elephant. Often seen in competition over resources such as an older calf Begging for food or attempting Food-Stealing from its mother, or other, or at a salt lick or small water hole. (Previously referred to Head-Swinging a term now used for a different behavior.
References: Poole & Granli 2003 [Head-Swing]. (Full reference list)
This behavior occurs in the following context(s): Aggressive, Calf Nourishment & Weaning